Gildess 1.5/30 is a birth control medication which contains 2 female hormones, norethisterone and ethinyl estradiol, that are used to prevent pregnancy.
Gildess 1.5/30 has the following indications for use:
- hormonal contraception;
- delayed menstruation;
- disorders of the menstrual cycle;
- hypoplasia of the uterus;
- infertility due to functional impairment.
The drug contributes to the inhibition of pituitary gonadotropic function, which in turn prevents the maturation of the egg. The dosage of the estrogen-progestin complex according to a certain scheme leads to control over the menstrual cycle.
In addition, the medication successfully copes with stopping uterine bleeding.
Take one tablet a day for 28 days in a row, without breaks. Menstrual bleeding occurs in the period of taking 7 no-hormone tablets. Start taking birth control pills on the first day of the menstrual cycle. To ensure a constant level of hormones in the blood plasma, the average level of the interval between contraceptive intakes should not exceed 24 hours.
An overdose is possible, After taking an excessive dose of norethisterone and ethinyl estradiol you can experience nausea and vomiting, that can last up to several days. This does not lead to serious consequences.
Gildess 1.5/30 can cause some side effects:
- central nervous system and psyche – depression and headaches;
- gastrointestinal tract – nausea and diarrhea.
With prolonged use, the drug may cause brown spots on the skin. The tolerance of contact lenses may also deteriorate.
Gildess 1.5/30 is contraindicated in the following cases:
- itching of the skin during a previous pregnancy;
- age up to 16 years;
- herpes pregnant;
- thrombosis of arteries and veins;
- a severe form of hypertension;
- various cardiovascular diseases;
- liver disease;
- tumors of the mammary glands, uterus.
If you have any of these contraindications, a comprehensive examination is necessary before taking birth control pills. This complex includes visiting a gynecologist and therapist, undergoing mammography, having a blood test to check the content of liver enzymes, monitoring arterial pressure.
The effectiveness of the contraceptive may decrease with the simultaneous use of narcotic drugs, analgesics, tranquilizers, anticonvulsants and some antibiotics.
When taking preparation based on norethisterone and ethinyl estradiol, the effectiveness of insulin or oral hypoglycemic drugs may decrease.
Gildess 1.5/30 is contraindicated during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
If you missed a pill, you should take it as soon as possible and then continue taking pills at your usual time. Skipping a dose requires the need for additional protection during sexual intercourse (backup contraception).
One package of the drug is intended for use during one menstrual cycle (“calendar” package).
With extreme caution and under strict indications, the drug should be used in diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, varicose veins, phlebitis, otosclerosis, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, liver disease, endometriosis, Sydenham disease.
When using combination oral contraceptives, you may need to adjust the dosage regimen of hypoglycemic drugs.
Use of Gildess 1.5/30 should be immediately discontinued with the onset of pregnancy; when migraine-like headaches appear; in acute visual impairment, hearing and other symptoms of sensory dysfunction; in acute thrombosis; with a stagnation of bile or jaundice; with a significant increase in blood pressure; with prolonged bed rest.
The use of hormonal contraceptives increases the risk of thromboembolic diseases, which is exacerbated by the presence of cardiovascular risk factors (excessive smoking, high blood pressure, impaired blood clotting and lipid metabolism, overweight).
Due to an increased risk of developing complications such as myocardial infarction, stroke, women over 30 years of age should either refrain from smoking or use other methods of contraception, especially if there are additional risk factors.
The drug should be discontinued with unusual headaches, hearing and vision disorders, with an increase in blood pressure, with thrombosis and bile stasis.
The effectiveness of the contraceptive is significantly reduced by regular use of alcohol, drugs, various anticonvulsants and tranquilizers.
Before taking birth control pills and with its long-term use, it is necessary to undergo examinations every six months, which include gynecological monitoring, control of cholesterol level in the blood, examination of the function of the liver and mammary glands.