Genora 1/35 is a birth control drug. It is prescribed to prevent pregnancy. It contains two female hormones: etsrogen and progestin.
Indications for use
- Hormonal contraception due to the inhibition of the ovulation cycle;
- Regulation of the beginning of menstrual cycle;
- Aged or functional delays of menstruation;
- Uterine bleeding with a failure of menstruation;
- Infertility (in complex treatment);
- Uterine underdevelopment (hypoplasia);
- Painful and prolonged menstruation;
- Treatment of certain gynecological diseases during menopause (only as directed by a doctor).
Mechanism of action
Two synthetic hormones in a single dose of the drug inhibit the function of the pituitary gland, which is responsible for the reproduction of female ovaries. The pituitary gland releases the hormone, which stimulates the maturation of a mature egg. When taking this combined hormonal drug, the hormone is not secreted, the egg does not mature, and in this form is excreted along with the menstrual blood.
Mode of application and dose
- Malignant tumors and neoplasms of the mammary glands or reproductive organs of the small pelvis;
- Lactose intolerance (lactose monohydrate is present in the preparation);
- The treatment of gynecological diseases with other hormonal drugs;
- Diabetes mellitus of the first and second type;
- Chronic diseases of the liver, ducts of the gallbladder, urinary organs (kidneys, bladder);
- Hormonal or functional metabolic disorders;
- Thromboembolism, risks of new blood clots, blood clotting;
- Cardiovascular diseases, heart attacks, strokes, jumps in blood pressure;
- Persons who abuse smoking and alcohol;
- Obesity of the second and third degree;
- Vaginal bleeding associated with inflammatory processes of the epithelium of the vaginal walls;
- Sickle cell anemia;
- Pregnancy;lactation period;
- Jaundice as a result of an increased amount of bilirubin in the blood.
In the first 10 days after the start of contraception, a woman may develop side effects. General malaise is explained by the “response” of the body to hormones.
Among the “harmless” side effects, there can be determined:
- recurrent headaches;
- mood swings;
- change in the nature and timing of menstruation;
- minor uterine bleeding between periods;
- swelling or slight pain in the mammary glands;
- weight gain;
The appearance of the listed side effects is not a reason for withdrawing the contraceptive. As a rule, the body, accustomed to a new drug, ceases to “resist”, and unpleasant symptoms disappear on their own. If the above side effects do not disappear 2-3 weeks after the start of Genora 1/35, then you should consult a gynecologist.
The reason for an emergency call to the doctor is the appearance of the following pathological signs:
- visual impairment;
- the development of the inflammatory process on the mucous membrane of the eye (conjunctivitis, redness of the vessels of the eyes, etc.);
- swelling of the lower or upper eyelids;
- a change in hearing function (impaired auditory activity, the appearance of noise or ringing in the ears, etc.);
- the appearance of sensitivity symptoms to wearing contact lenses (lacrimation, redness of the mucosa, itching, etc.);
- allergic skin rashes;
- the appearance of yellowness on the skin;
- the appearance of dark spots (pigmentation) of various sizes on the skin;
- varicose veins.
Genora 1/35 is contraindicated for joint use with the following medications:
- drugs for the treatment of epilepsy (carbamazepine, topiramate, pyramidone, barbiturates);
- antibiotics (ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, ofloxacin, ampicillin);
- drugs for the treatment of tuberculosis (rifampicin, rifabutin, sodium paraaminosalicylate).
What is I miss a dose?
In the event of a missed dose, it is necessary to take the drug within the next 12 hours. With an interval of over 36 hours, a reliable contraceptive effect is not guaranteed. During this period, it is recommended to use other non-hormonal methods of contraception. In gynecological disorders’ treatment, the drug dose is set in each case individually, depending on the indications.
Genora 1/35 and pregnancy
This birth control drug is contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation.