Parenthood or family planning is a concept that actively enters our life. For many years this term was understood as the restriction of the birth rate. However, it is the women’s health maintenance for giving the birth of healthy children. The right to family planning, or to freedom and responsible parenthood, is the internationally recognized right of everyone.
The Principle of Parenthood by Means of Birth Control Pills
Sooner or later, before each person, each family, there are questions about when and how much to have children, how to avoid unwanted pregnancy, what birth control pills are better to use and how to use them. Family planning helps people to consciously choose the number of children in the family and the timing of their birth, plan their lives, avoid unnecessary anxieties and worries. The optimal age for conception and birth of children is 20-35 years. The intervals between births should be at least 2-2,5 years. If pregnancy occurs earlier or much later when it occurs with a large number of complications.
Teaching Teenagers the Basics of Parenthood
Sexual education of children and adolescents will help preserve their health, prepare for a future family life and develop a sense of responsibility. Nowadays, there are many modern methods of contraception, which can reliably prevent unwanted pregnancies. Their use is many times safer for health than abortion. Sexually transmitted diseases are often the cause of infertility in men and women. Only a condom will help to avoid infection and simultaneously protects from unwanted pregnancy.
Methods of Contraception Affordable
Competent matched contraception when planning a family makes intimate life more harmonious, eliminates possible worries and emotions in spouses. Current contraceptive methods are usually classified as follows:
- barrier (or mechanical);
- spermicides (or chemical);
- rhythmic (or biological);
- interrupted sexual intercourse;
- intrauterine devices (intrauterine device);
- hormonal contraception;
- voluntary surgical sterilization.
At present, the assortment of birth control pills has increased considerably, contraceptives have become more reliable and are selected individually for each woman.
Methods of Postpartum Contraception in Family Planning
Return of fertility, i.е. childbearing, and, hence, the chance to get pregnant again, usually occurs 6 weeks after the birth (this depends on the length of the period of breastfeeding). The female body needs rest after pregnancy and childbirth. The interval between pregnancies should be at least 2.5-3 years (the so-called “intergenetic interval”), so it is important to strictly follow the rules of using any method of protection (contraception) after birth. Women who breastfeed are usually protected from pregnancy during the first 4-6 months after childbirth. In women whose children receive artificial nutrition, the ability to conceive is restored earlier.
The use of breastfeeding as a contraceptive method has been called the method of lactational amenorrhea (LAM). But, unfortunately, the effectiveness of this method is about 70% and therefore, when it is used, a monthly examination of the gynecologist is necessary to promptly diagnose a possible pregnancy. A woman can resume sexual activity with a partner immediately, as soon as she feels herself ready to this and provided that she does not have any health complications. The method of lactational contraception is based on the physiological effect of suppressing ovulation by irritation of the mother’s nipples during breastfeeding.
To use this method in family planning, the absence of the following factors are mandatory:
- the child’s age is 6 months;
- presence of menstruation;
- feeding other foods in addition to breast milk;
- an interval of more than 3 or 4 hours between feedings during the day and evening;
- an interval of more than 6 hours between feedings at night.
If after the birth the woman has not yet chosen a specific method of postpartum contraception, then the best way for her is to use condoms and/or spermicides, until she is ready to use another method of protection.
After that birth control pills may be used to protect from unwanted pregnancy. Women may be sure the parenthood details will be followed. Your labors may be controlled by means of birth control pills.