The desire to have a child sooner or later comes to any married couple. After all, children give people unforgettable moments of joy and happiness. To grow a healthy, intelligent and beautiful child, to give him all his best qualities, to give him a good education and to prepare for adulthood – all these tasks have yet to be solved. But first, each couple should be prepared for a future pregnancy, create the most favorable conditions for conception and successful pregnancy.
During pregnancy, a number of hormonal and morphological reconstructions occur in the organism of the future mother. Pregnancy makes new demands to the body of the woman and activates all vital processes of the body. That is why it is necessary that at the time of conception your body is as healthy as possible.
Preparing for pregnancy should be started three months before the planned conception. Please note that the proposed recommendations apply to both partners.
What factors can affect conception and pregnancy?
- Age (the optimal age of a woman to conceive a child from 20 to 35 years old, from the age of 35, women’s reproductive function begin to decrease and the risk of having a child with a genetic pathology increases);
- weight (it is known that very low weight and obesity can lead to hormonal changes in the body of a woman and prevent ovulation);
- extragenital diseases (diabetes mellitus, diseases of other endocrine glands, kidney disease, liver, bronchial asthma, epilepsy);
- infections of the genitals (chlamydia, genital herpes, papillomatosis, syphilis, gonorrhea);
- harmful occupational factors (contact with pesticides, lead, mercury, various inorganic dust, radioactive isotopes);
- the use of various medicinal substances;
- smoking and drinking alcohol during pregnancy;
- drug use, including marijuana (there is a change in the quality of spermatozoa);
- stress (stress can be one of the factors of delay or absence of ovulation).
Recommendations on the way of life
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle. You need outdoor walks. Regular exercise will not only lead you to a good physical shape but also strengthen the muscles for pregnancy and childbirth. Particular attention should be given to the muscles of the back and abdominal press;
- Eliminate foods containing caffeine from the diet. It is believed that caffeine inhibits the reproductive function of the body. In addition, a large number of salted, smoked, roasted and preservative-containing foods should be avoided;
- You should increase the number of fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as foods rich in folic acid: fresh herbs, cabbage, beets, carrots, potatoes with peel, peas, beans, bran, seeds, nuts. In addition, a woman is recommended to take folic acid preparations within 3 months before conception;
- For 3 months before conception, you should stop drinking alcohol;
- Cancellation of hormonal contraception should be no later than 2-3 months before the proposed pregnancy since. their residual amounts reduce the absorption of vitamin C, magnesium, folic acid and increase the absorption of vitamin A;
- Do not take anabolic steroids. They can change the work of the pituitary gland and the natural balance of hormones in the body;
- If you were prescribed antibiotics, then the pregnancy should be planned no earlier than 2 months after the end of the course;
- If you want to conceive a child, try to avoid stress. The best way to relax is to go to the sea or in the mountains.
Planned Parenthood: when to stop taking birth control pills?
It is well proven that hormonal contraceptives, regardless of the duration of their intake, do not affect the fertility of a woman and do not cause infertility provided that you buy birth control pills from a reliable seller. Today, you can even order birth control online. Follow this important link if you want to buy contraceptives or learn interesting facts about them: mybirthcontrolonline.com. After stopping the intake of birth control pills in most women, the ability to conceive is restored quickly enough.
It’s recommended to stop using hormonal pills 2-3 months before the planned conception, because:
- in most cases, fertility is restored in 2-3 months;
- the presence of a regular cycle will facilitate the calculation of the correct period of pregnancy;
- hormonal contraceptives change the vitamin and mineral balance in the body, preventing, for example, the absorption of vitamin C, certain trace elements, and folic acid and while contributing to excessive absorption of vitamin A, which can adversely affect the development of the unborn child.
Take a medical examination
- When planning a parenthood, a woman should first consult a gynecologist, and her partner – an andrologist. These doctors will give the basic recommendations on preparation for conception;
- Before the planned pregnancy, both partners should consult a therapist. Sometimes prenatal examinations can detect diseases that the woman had never suspected before. If this is necessary, the therapist will send you for an additional examination;
- If you have chronic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus or epilepsy, you should consult your doctor. Perhaps he will suggest that you switch to another treatment since most medications are harmful to the developing fetus;
- Before pregnancy, visit a dentist. Sore teeth are the focus of infection. A pregnant woman does not need it at all;
- All women who plan pregnancy should visit the oculist. If a woman has problems with vision, then during pregnancy they can get worse. For example, with progressive myopia doctors recommend a cesarean section;
- If one of the future parents has close relatives suffering from genetic disease, planning a parenthood, it is necessary to visit a geneticist. If necessary, he will send you an additional examination to determine the degree of risk. Women over 35 who wish to give birth to a child are required to consult genetics without fail.
Necessary vaccinations and tests
- Before deciding on pregnancy, a woman should give a general blood test: most women even before pregnancy need to take iron-containing medications to avoid anemia and the risk of oxygen deficiency of the fetus;
- Both partners should be tested for sexually transmitted infections: HIV, chlamydia, mycoplasma, ureaplasma, and others. they can lead to infection of the fetus and difficulty in the course of pregnancy;
- Before conception, both spouses should be given a fluorography since during the pregnancy this method of research is prohibited;
- If a woman does not suffer from rubella, then before you get pregnant, you should take a blood test for antibodies to this infection. If immunity is poor, you need a mandatory vaccination. The fact is that rubella can threaten the life of the fetus or cause severe developmental anomalies.
The right season and time for conception
The perfect season for conception is autumn and early winter. In this case, the birth of the child will be in the spring-summer period. The probability of vitamin D deficiency in a child will be lower.
The most favorable time for conception is ovulation when the ripe egg leaves the ovarian follicle in the fallopian tubes. Ovulation occurs approximately 2 weeks before the expected start of the next menstruation.
Some women use a graph of rectal temperature to determine the time of ovulation. Currently, there are special tests on the market, which accurately determine the time of ovulation.
A common misconception is that the most effective way is to have daily sex during the week around the time of ovulation. The fact is that with such frequent sexual acts, spermatozoa do not have time to be developed. Relax, have sex in a day and remember that the sperm in the female body lives another 72 hours after ejaculation.
The likelihood of conception increases if the woman remains to lie down for 20-30 minutes after ejaculation.
Remember that serious and competent preparation for pregnancy is the guarantee of your child’s health.